Spectroscopy Pack

A 15-Page Summary of Spectroscopy Topics

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Struggling with spectroscopy? Irritated by IR? Messed up by Mass Spec? Numbed by NMR?

If you don’t know where to start with any of these top...

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    Immediate download for test prep
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    Print ready PDF - nothing is mailed
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    Contains key concepts covered in exams

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What's inside

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Page 1 of 12
1. Index of Unsaturation
All about calculating index of unsaturation - Hydrocarbons with no rings or multiple bonds - How double bonds and rings affect the hydrogen count - The effect of oxygen - Halogens - The unified equation
2. UV-Vis Spectroscopy
UV light and the HOMO-LUMO gap - The electromagnetic spectrum - Example of a UV-Vis spectrum - Conjugation length vs UV absorbance - Why do pi bonds absorb light? - Effect of conjugation on absorbance - Example of a UV-Vis spectrum - What absorbs at longer wavelength - Absorption of C–O bonds
3. Mass Spectrometry: Key Concepts
Mass spectrometry - Key concepts - Reading a mass spectrum - Exact mass vs molar mass - Notable isotope distributions - How to determine molecular formula from M
4. Mass Spectroscopy: Fragmentation
Mass spectrometry - Fragmentation - Understanding fragmentation - Fragment analysis - Carbocation stability trends - Examples
5. Introduction to IR Spectroscopy
Intro to IR - Key points about IR - The ball and spring analogy - Vibrational energy levels - Interpreting IR spectra - Notable IR frequencies
6. Pointers on Analyzing IR Spectra
Analyzing IR spectra - Alcohols - Carboxylic acids - Amines - Amides - Alkynes - Carbonyls - C-H stretch region
7. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Background
NMR background - Nuclear spin - Nuclei in a magnetic field - The chemical shift - What’s ppm ? - Upfield and downfield
8. NMR: How Many Signals
How to figure out "How many signals" questions - Chemical shift equivalence - Equivalence through rotation of the molecule - Equivalence through symmetry (mirror planes) - Fast rotation - Stereochemistry - Homotopic protons
9. NMR: How Many Signals (1H)
NMR - How many signals (1H) - Homotopic, Diastereotopic, and Enantiotopic protons
10. 13C NMR: Similarities & Differences
13C-NMR - Similarities and differences to 1H NMR - Chemical shift trends - Splitting in 13C NMR - Decoupled spectra
11. Understanding NMR Spectra: Chemical Shifts & Integration
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12. NMR: Splitting
Chemical shifts and integration - Chemical shift - The role of electron withdrawing groups - The area under signal is proportional to the number of protons - Dealing with integration curves
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